Expression of ΔF508 Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Regulator (CFTR) Decreases Membrane Sialylation



Amrita Dosanjh*, 1, Elaine A Muchmore2
1 Pediatrics Department, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA
2 VA San Diego Healthcare System and Cancer Center, Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology-Oncology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA


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© Dosanjh and Muchmore; Licensee Bentham Open.

open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Pediatrics Department, University of California, San Diego, CA 92122, USA; Tel: 858-442-6146; E-mail: pulmd@aol.com


Abstract

Chronic colonization and infection of the lung with Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. Imundo, et al. determined that CF cells had a higher concentration of an asialoganglioside (asialo-GM1), to which both P. aeruginosa and S. aureus bound preferentially. We sought to determine if the expression of mutant CFTR is associated with altered sialylation. Our study of epithelial cells transfected with normal and mutant ΔF508 CFTR, the defect in the majority of CF patients in the United States, were analyzed by ELISA and FACS analysis of cell membranes labeled with lectins which bind to Neu5Ac. We determined that ΔF508 CFTR is associated with decreased membrane sialic acid residues in the α2, 3 position and increased concentrations of asialo- GM1. Quantitation of sialic acids released from the cellular membranes demonstrated that the presence of the ΔF508 CFTR is associated with markedly decreased membrane sialylation, but similar cytoplasmic sialylation. Thus, ΔF508 defect is correlated with decreased expression of GM1 and with decreased sialylation of all cell surface structures, and this change occurs during post-translational modification of glycoproteins and glycolipids. This may be one factor involved in the chronic bacterial colonization seen in these patients.

Keywords: Cystic fibrosis, sialic acids, ΔF508 cystic fibrosis mutation, cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator..