Biomarkers of Fibroproliferative Healing in Fibrosing Idiopathic Interstitial Pneumonias
Martina Vasakova*, 1, Martina Sterclova 1, Eliska Stranska 2, Petra Mandakova 2, Jelena Skibova 3, Radoslav Matej 4
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2012
First Page: 160
Last Page: 164
Publisher Id: TORMJ-6-160
Article History:Received Date: 10/10/2012
Revision Received Date: 11/11/2012
Acceptance Date: 21/11/2012
Electronic publication date: 28/12/2012
Collection year: 2012
open-access license: This is an open access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
The main feature of fibrosing idiopathic interstitial pneumonias (fIIPs) is the fibroproliferative potential of underlying pathogenetic process. We hypothesize that the concentration of potential markers of fibroproliferative healing, PAR-2, TGF-β1, TNF-α and IL-4Rα in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) differ in patients with fIIPs compared to controls (C).
Patients and Methods:
10 patients with fIIPs and 9 controls (C) were included to the study.
Concentrations of CD124 (IL4Rα), PAR-2, TGF-β1 and TNF-α in BALF were determined using the ELISA method.
We observed higher concentrations of IL4Rα (fIIPS 1499.4 pg/ml vs C 255.5 pg/ml; p < 0.05), PAR-2 (fIIPS 1807.9 pg/ml vs C 421.0 pg/ml; p < 0.05) and TGF-β1(fIIPS 283.0 pg/ml vs C 197.1 pg/ml; p < 0.01) in BALF in fIIPs versus C. The values of TNF-a in BALF did not differ significantly in fIIPs compared to controls. The ratios also showed differences in fIIPS and C: IL4Rα/TGF-β1 (fIIPS 6.19 vs C 0.68; p = 0.0143); TNF-α/IL4Rα (fIIPS 0.84 vs C 7.93; p = 0.043); TGF-β1/TNF-α (fIIPS 0.21 vs C 0.16; p = 0.0179) and protein/PAR-2 (fIIPS 0.06 vs C 0.28; p = 0.0033).
We found that PAR-2, TGF-β1 and IL-4Rα are significantly up-regulated in the BALF of fIIPs compared to controls, therefore we suppose they could become biomarkers of fibroproliferative healing.