RESEARCH ARTICLE


Food and Aeroallergen Sensitization in IgE -Mediated Asthma in Egypt



Abdellah H.K. Ali1, *
1 Department of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis, Sohag Faculty of Medicine, Sohag University, Sohag, Egypt


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Creative Commons License
© 2021 Abdellah H. K. Ali

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Chest diseases and Tuberculosis, Sohag Faculty of Medicine, Sohag University, Sohag 82524, Egypt; Tel: +01111428640; E-mail: abdellahdiab@outlook.com


Abstract

Purpose:

Identifying the distribution of allergens is valuable to the effective diagnosis and treatment of allergic disease. So, our aim is to explore the sensitization of food and aeroallergens in Egyptian patients with atopic asthma.

Methods:

Cross-sectional study recruited 268 Egyptian patients with atopic asthma. Asthmatic patients were assessed by the enzyme allegro sorbent test (EAST) method for specific IgE to a panel of 19 common regional inhaled allergens and 15 food allergens.

Results and Discussion:

One hundred percent of the patients were sensitive to at least one allergen. Allergy to food allergens only was 2.9%; inhaled allergens only were 26.2% and both were70.9%. Fungi (62%) were the most frequent sensitizing aeroallergen amongst our asthmatic patients, followed by the pollen allergens (42.5%) and house dust mites (HDMs) (26%). Cows’ milk (30.5%) was the most frequent sensitizing food amongst our asthmatic patients, followed by eggs (22.4%) and fish (21.6%). Mono-sensitized patients accounted for 6.7% of all cases, while polysensitized was 93.3%. Moderate and severe asthma showed a significantly higher frequency of polysensitization compared to mild asthma.

Conclusion:

Fungi and cow's milk are the chief sensitizing allergens in Egyptian patients with atopic asthma. This study represents the first report of sensitization in atopic adult asthma using a large extract panel in Upper Egypt.

Keywords: Atopic asthma, Allergens, Polysensitization, Antibodies, Antigen, Adverse reactions.